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File #: 22-67    Version: 1 Name: Draft 2021-2029 Housing Element
Type: Presentation Status: Agenda Ready
File created: 7/7/2021 In control: General Plan Advisory Committee
On agenda: 7/22/2021 Final action:
Title: GPAC - Presentation on and Discussion of the Draft 2021-2029 Housing Element Update.
Attachments: 1. 2021-07-22_ATT_Draft 2021-2029 Housing Element, 2. 2021-07-22_ATT_Existing 2013-2021 Cycle Housing Element, 3. 2021-07-22_ATT_06-14-2021 City Council Report, 4. 2021-07-22_ATT_2019 Housing Existing Conditions Report & Summary Video, 5. 2021-07-22_ATT_2021-2029 Housing Element Guiding Principles, 6. 2021-07-22_ATT_06-28-2021 Joint Session Report
Date Ver.Action ByActionResultAction DetailsMeeting DetailsVideo
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GPAC - Presentation on and Discussion of the Draft 2021-2029 Housing Element Update.



Meeting Date:  July 22, 2021


Contact Person/Dept:                     Ashley Hefner/CDD/Advance Planning


Phone Number:                                            (310) 253-5744


Fiscal Impact:  Yes []    No [X]                                                                General Fund:  Yes []     No [X]


Public Hearing:  []          Action Item:                     []          Attachments: [X]   


Commission Action Required:     Yes []     No [X]    Date:


Public Notification: (E-Mail) Meetings and Agendas - General Plan Advisory Committee; Notify Me - General Plan Update; (Posted) City website (07/19/2021)


Department Approval:  Sol Blumenfeld, Community Development Director (07/14/2021)






Staff recommends the General Plan Advisory Committee (GPAC) review and discuss the Draft 2021-2029 Housing Element Update.





The Housing Element of the City's General Plan is the primary planning guide to help the City address the housing needs of everyone in Culver City. It outlines goals, policies, and programs to meet these needs while balancing other community objectives and resources. Housing Elements are intended to support various housing types for all income groups, help develop lower and moderate-income housing, remove constraints to housing, conserve and improve existing housing, and promote fair housing opportunities. 


Every eight years, the State of California requires local agencies (e.g., cities and counties) to update their Housing Elements following the California Department of Housing and Community Development (HCD) Regional Housing Needs Assessment (RHNA). The City prepared the Draft 2021-2029 Housing Element (Attachment 1) for the GPU project to meet HCD's mandated adoption deadline. It will supersede the 2013-2021 Housing Element (Attachment 2).


In order to create a Housing Element that meets community needs, communities must know how much housing and at what income levels it needs to plan. The RHNA, which is mandated by California housing law, quantifies the need for housing across all income levels in every community. Every community must plan for RHNA in its Housing Element to ensure there are enough sites and adequate zoning to accommodate the RHNA.


The sixth Housing Element update cycle (2021-2029) represents a new paradigm in housing production planning across California and includes more substantial penalties for non-compliance. It also allocates more housing units to communities, especially in urban areas, to address California's housing crisis.


During the last Housing Element cycle, the overall lack of housing production resulted in communities falling short of meeting their RHNA goals across the state. For example, while Culver City exceeded the allocation for above moderate-income levels in the fifth cycle, the City only met about 13% of units allocated for the moderate-, low-, and very low-income categories. Factors that added to the housing crisis in past cycles include insufficient administrative and financial resources to support affordable housing production and a lack of penalties to compel local agencies to meet their allocations.


The sixth Housing Element update cycle increases allocations and adds stricter penalties for cities' non-compliance. Specific to Culver City, the increased allocation in the sixth cycle totals 3,341 units compared to the fifth cycle allocation of 185 units. New penalties include HCD's mandate that if a housing element is adopted after the 120-day grace period ending February 12, 2022, it must be updated in four years instead of eight. Assembly Bill 725 (AB 725) also added a new penalty, mandating that any housing element adopted on or after January 1, 2022, must allocate 25% of its RHNA share for moderate- and above moderate-income housing to sites zoned to support at least four on-site multi-family housing units.


Housing is also considered in other General Plan elements, such as land use, mobility, and environmental justice. For example, a new requirement enacted since the 5th Housing Element update cycle is Senate Bill 1000 (SB 1000). SB 1000 requires policies to ensure healthy and safe housing, such as addressing the presence of lead-based building materials, which has shown to be a factor in Culver City's SB 1000 priority neighborhoods (portions of Clarkdale and Culver/West). This will be addressed in the General Plan's Environmental Justice Element and be consistent with the Housing Element. SB 1000 and related topics will be covered at a workshop later this fall. 


On June 14, 2021, the GPU Deliverables and Engagement Summary and Work Plan detailing past engagement and deliverables, including the Housing Element, was presented to City Council (Attachment 3). While most engagement activities relate to and inform housing, those most recent and closely related to the Housing Element, are summarized below. 


The GPAC has recently received presentations and discussed Culver City's existing conditions, issues, opportunities, and alternatives related to housing (Attachment 4). Past meetings include: 


                     August 13, 2020: Housing, land use, and community design

                     September 10, 2020: Land use and community design

                     October 8, 2020: Land use and community design

                     November 12, 2020: Transportation and mobility

                     December 10, 2020: Sustainability and climate change

                     February 11, 2021: Parks, recreation, and open spaces

                     March 13, 2021: Community health and environmental justice

                     April 8, 2021: Proposed land use alternatives

                     May 13, 2021: Proposed mobility alternatives

                     June 10, 2021: Proposed land use alternatives


The Housing Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) has received presentations on and discussed Culver City's existing conditions, issues, opportunities, housing programs, and land use alternatives related to housing. Past meetings include:


                     December 8, 2020: Identify housing issues and opportunities

                     March 11, 2021: Innovative housing programs, initiatives, tools 

                     April 20, 2021: Land use strategies, models for change, and land use alternatives


On January 27, 2021, a community workshop and joint City Council/Planning Commission session were held on land use scenarios. On April 29 and May 5, 2021, community workshops were held on the land use alternatives, including residential land uses, and a land use survey was circulated. 


On April 12, 2021, City Council adopted a set of Housing Element Guiding Principles (Attachment 5) to inform the adoption and implementation of the Housing Element updated, with the intention to aim higher than the state requirements and guidelines. A summary of how the draft Housing Element meets the Guiding Principles will be presented to the Planning Commission at their July 28, 2021 meeting for their review of the draft Housing Element.


On May 12, 2021, the Planning Commission met for its Housing Element kickoff and discussed Housing Element basics like what is required, contents, RHNA, past accomplishments, and process and timeline.


At the June 23, 2021 joint meeting, the City Council and Planning Commission discussed single-family zoning and addressing exclusionary practices. The meeting was highly attended and with several hours of public comment, with much debate around whether or not to increase housing opportunity and affordability in single-family areas. City Council directed City staff to study and evaluate for feasibility the following, programs and how these translate to housing production in Culver City: 100% affordable housing overlay zone, transit-oriented community incentive programs, affordable housing partnership opportunities and funding sources, and an urgency measure for housing entitlement streamlining. The Draft Housing Element programs reflect the study of these tools. City staff will move forward with studies and present the findings to City Council at a future meeting. 


The June 23 joint meeting was continued to June 28, 2021, at which time the Planning Commission recommended, and City Council provided direction on, the GPU's preferred land use map and 2045 growth projections.  City Council directed staff to study a preferred land use map illustrated by Figures 2 plus 5 (Option 3) in the associated report memo (Attachment 6). The preferred land use map was used in the Housing Element sites inventory analysis.


Several ongoing efforts may impact the contents of the Housing Element after adoption. These include further efforts to satisfy the City's Housing Element Guiding Principles, the results of City staff's study of affordable housing tools based on City Council's June 23 direction, and the results of the Westside Cities Council of Governments' Regional Early Action Planning Grant project (intent is to develop a comprehensive subregional approach to accelerate housing production to accommodate critically needed affordable housing within the Westside subregion). Therefore, if needed, the City may choose to amend the Housing Element when the remainder of the GPU elements are adopted, and these additional studies are completed.


Veronica Tam, from Veronica Tam and Associates (GPU housing subconsultant), and staff will lead the GPAC through a review and discussion of the Draft Housing Element. GPAC and community members' input will be summarized and shared with the Planning Commission at their July 28, 2021, meeting to consider during their review and discussion of the draft Housing Element before HCD's 60-day review.


No action is being sought on the Housing Element Update at this meeting, and discussions do not have a legally binding effect on future discretionary actions. Further information on all of the above can be found at, /housing-element, and /alternatives.





                     July 28: Housing TAC review of draft Housing Element

                     July 28: Planning Commission review of draft Housing Element and Guiding Principles summary

                     September/October: HCD draft housing element 60-day review and California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) circulation

                     November 10: Planning Commission review of HCD comments and Housing Element adoption and CEQA determination recommendation to City Council

                     December 13: City Council Housing Element adoption and CEQA determination





Environmental review will be conducted per the California Environmental Quality Act. It is anticipated that an Initial Study/Mitigated Negative Declaration will be prepared and circulated for environmental documentation. The environmental documentation will be presented to the Planning Commission in November 2021 when they review the Draft Housing Element for recommendation to the City Council. In December 2021, the City Council will consider an environmental determination for the Housing Element when it is considered for adoption.





There is no fiscal impact associated with this item.





1.                     2021-07-22_ATT_Draft 2021-2029 Housing Element

2.                     2021-07-22_ATT_Existing 2013-2021 Housing Element

3.                     2021-07-22_ATT_06-14-2021 City Council Report

4.                     2021-07-22_ATT_2019 Housing Existing Conditions Report & Summary Video

5.                     2021-07-22_ATT_2021-2029 Housing Element Guiding Principles

6.                     2021-07-22_ATT_06-28-2021 Joint Session Report